#Nihongo Lesson : Telling Time

Today’s lesson is about time(じかん). You need to know the basic numbers for this lesson.
You can refer to this post for the list of basic numbers.

1. O’clock – じ

O'clock

To express the time o’clock, we just add -ji at the end of the number. But, there are 3 numbers that will change when expressing the time:

4 – yoji

7 – shichiji

9 – kuji

‘Nanji’(なんじ) is used when asking the time(o’clock).

いまなんじですか。

Ima nanji desuka

2. Minute – ふん/ぷん

minute

For minute, there are 3 difference forms which are:

a) fun : (2, 5, 7, 9)

b) pun : (3, 4)

c) ppun : (1, 6, 8, 10)

In asking the minute, we are using ‘nanpun’(なんぷん) in our sentence.

いまなんぷんですか。

Ima nanpun desuka

So now, how do we tell a.m or p.m in Nihongo? You can use ‘gogo’ (ごご)to refer to a.m and ‘gozen’(ごぜん) for p.m. You can also use ‘yoru’ (よる)when referring to p.m.

Here’s an example:

a) 8.00 am – Gogo hachiji desu.
b) 8.00 pm – Gozen hachiji desu. / Yoru hachiji desu.

Take note that gogo/gozen/yoru is put before the time.

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